Ramayana and the Mahabharata

The crown jewels of Hindu mythology are its two grand epics, Ramayana and the Mahabharata. These reflect Vishnu’s incarnations as Rama and Krishna. Both epics are literary masterpieces containing a wealth of history, legend, philosophy, and ideology. They are post Vedic works considered smiriti or recollection rather than sruti or revelation.

The Ramayana was composed by Valmiki, a bandit turned saint and poet. Lord Brahma inspired him to write the Ramayana, a dramatic poem consisting of seven books divided into five hundred stanzas and 24,000 verses. It is believed to have been recorded about 500 BCE or earlier. The story is an intricate one with a large cast of characters including gods, demons, humans, super humans, animals, and birds who personify good, evil, or both. The well-developed characters act out their karma with elegance and might. The master plot containing intricate subplots takes many twists and turns and contains many diversions designed to keep its listeners riveted to every adventure and full anticipation up to the very end.

—Excerpt from On Hindusim, by Irina Gajjar

Read more from Irina at www.irinaspage.com.




If the core of Hinduism had to be summed up in a single word, that word would be truth, perhaps more appropriately Truth with a capital letter.

The holy syllable “Om” represents the totality of the absolute, the infinite spirit and truth.

Om is defined by the phrase Om Tat Sat meaning “Om That True.”  However, each of these words represents a concept. Thus rendering Om Tat Sat in English requires a judgement call. I think a good way to say Om Tat Sat in English is “Om is the real and true infinite spirit.”

The totality of Hindu philosophy and thought is subsumed under the notion of Om Tat Sat. While the notion these words encompass may seem complex, it is really quite simple and most Hindus grasp it easily. The underlying belief of Hinduism is that only truth is real and worthy of our devotion.

The Hindu concept of God as ultimate truth is comparable with Biblical explanation given to Moses. In Exodus 3:14 God says I AM WHO I AM. SAY THIS TO THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL. I AM HAS SENT ME TO YOU.

See Chapter 9 of On Hinduism by Irina Gajjar to explore the meaning of Truth in Hindu philosophy.

Hindu Multiverses and Myths



In my view, Hindu thought acknowledges the existence of multiple universes which flourish on multiple planes and/or in multiple dimensions. Hindu philosophy embraces much that goes beyond human experience and even beyond what we can fathom.

For example, ancient myths speak of many eras, many creatures and many frames of time. Time is different in the worlds of humans, of ancestors and of gods or demons. But beyond myths, ancient mathematical calculations fully anticipate the most recent and sensitive numbers regarding matters like the speed of light. Thus myths and science intersect.

Like science fiction, myths are a blend of history, prediction, fantasy and symbolism. We should not pooh pooh them as nonsense. These tales contain more grains of truth than we might think. In my view, an important truth is validation of the idea that we humans have the potential to become a multi-planetary if not multi-universal species.

See On Hinduism by Irina Gajjar

The Gita on Body and Mind



According to traditional Hindu philosophy, the mind is part of the body.

Our bodies consist of ether, air, fire, water and earth which are the five subtle elements and of the mind. The mind in turn incorporates the five senses (touching, hearing, seeing, smelling and tasting). It also embraces understanding and emotions like wanting, hating, happiness, unhappiness and courage

Thus the body and mind are allocated to the material world as distinct from the world of spirit or soul or eternity.

See Irina Gajjar’s The Gita, A New Translation of Hindu Sacred Scripture, 13: 5, 6, The Body and The Spirit