Seeing the Beginning of the World and More

The James Webb Space Telescope is set to launch in 2018. It will be able to fly through time and report back on the formation of the first galaxies. It will be much more powerful than the Hubble and who knows what it could find. I find this to be mind boggling.

Will it find aliens perhaps on the seven new earth-like planets discovered orbiting a dwarf star [only?] 40 light years or two hundred and thirty five trillion miles away? The star has been said to be ultra cool which I guess means not hot at all but it also has to mean cool as in wonderful.

Of course there are those who believe that we have already been visited by aliens who bequeathed us cultures which seemingly popped up fully formed out of the blue in the Middle East, in the Indus Valley and/or in the Americas. While such notions cannot be proved and feel far-fetched, they cannot be disproved either. Nor do we have better explanations for the origins of civilizations.

But now soon we will know a great deal more about the universe, about worlds and possibly about other creatures like or unlike ourselves and we will certainly wind up with even more questions.

See to explore her works, ideas and philosophy.

Civilization of Ancient India


The civilization which flourished in what today is Northwest India and Pakistan is known as the Indus Valley Civilization or the Harappan Civilization. It thrived before 1,500 B.C.E. and its decline somewhat coincides with the arrival of Aryans from Northwest Asia.

The cities of the Indus Valley Civilization enjoyed trade with the coexisting elaborate cultures of the early Middle East, of Greece and of Crete. Motifs in pottery and items like tablets overlap with motifs that prevailed further north and west of India

Excavations of Harappan cities show that they were well engineered with brick houses of several stories, with good drainage systems and public baths. People played games like hopscotch and marbles and they wore draped garments.

A fair number of tablets have been excavated with a script that remains undeciphered. Even clever computers have been unable to figure them out, leaving us with an intriguing mystery.

See Irina Gajjar’s Ancient Indian Art and the West.