The Gita understands God to be both the knower and the known, or that which we wish to know. He is the great soul, the individual soul called Atman. He is spirit. God is the knower of the universe and the knower of the “field” which means the human body as well as all embodiment. “Field” refers to place or area, like “field of knowledge.” The term field implies that the body is a place where action or conflict occurs. Lord Krishna delivered the Bhagavad Gita on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, also known as the field of Dharma or righteousness.

Hinduism sees the body and the mind as one unit, separate and distinct from the soul:

The body is a collection of many things.
It is made up of ether, air, fire, water, and earth.
These are called the five subtle elements.
The body is also made up of mind
and the five senses of hearing,
touching, tasting, and smelling.
Wanting, hating, happiness, unhappiness, and courage
are also part of the body.

(Gita 13:5, 6)

Read more from On Hinduism, by Irina Gajjar at



In Hindu philosophy, goodness, truth, and God are one. God is absolute goodness and eternal truth. The Absolute Soul that is God illuminates the soul of all beings. However, human goodness is a material human trait.

The human traits of goodness and evil both pertain to the body, not to the spirit. In Hindu thought, the mind is part of the body. It is the energy that powers out intellect, our judgment, and our ego, but it is temporal and it is shed when the soul is released from the bondage of repeated reincarnations.

The body and mind are matter whereas the soul is spirit.  A particular life comes into being when the spirit and the body join together and it ends when the soul and the body separate at death.

Read more from On Hinduism at


God or Not?



To ask whether God exists is to ask whether God can be distinguish from that which is not God.

It is to ask whether we can distinguish between spirit and matter, between the eternal and the temporal, between truth and falsehood, between reality and illusion or between existence and non-existence.

Do you think this is the right question? Do you think the question matters more than the answer?

See Irina Gajjar’s On Hinduism, Chapter 3, The Bhagavad Gita, p. 70.


Soul and Spirit


Some believers in the existence of the soul merge the idea of soul and spirit. Others maintain that soul and spirit are distinct, or that the soul is subsumed in spirit. Then the question arises as to whether the soul or spirit is separate from God, if in fact God exists.

The view that soul, spirit and God are one is monistic whereas as the view that they are distinct is dualistic. I think that whatever we think or believe, if we do, it is more important to consider these questions than to answer them.

A Yogi

The person whose spirit rules her completely is ruled by God. This person has self-control. She is calm no matter what happens.

She is calm if she is cold or hot. She is calm if she is comfortable or uncomfortable. The person who has self-control never changes.

A piece of stone and gold are the same to her. A wise person like this is called a yogi.

Gita 6:6, 7, 8